Topic A: Energy Security in the European Union
The European Union (EU) has managed to establish itself as one of the most important international stakeholders in a remarkably short amount of time. Several political jurisdictions that were once strictly in the domain of EU member states have been transferred to the supranational level and are governed by the EU institutions. This trend has led to strong economic growth and has created a knowledge-based EU economy within the single market. However, the vast industries also demand a consistent supply of energy resources, which the European continent has a scarce supply of. Practically no EU member state is energetically self-sufficient. Thus, the concept of energy security remains on of the most pressing issues of EU member states and the EU itself. As the energy supply for over 500 million EU nationals remains in the hands of third countries, the EU sees the idea of an EU governed Energy Union evermore important. The delegates fulfilling the roles of EU member state Foreign Ministers shall be faced with questions from the very political fields of European integrations and national (energy) security to the highly technical fields of critical infrastructure and sustainable development. A great opportunity for any delegate wishing to experience the more common issues of EU affairs in combination with the numerous and incredibly interesting dimensions of energy security.
Topic B: The European Union Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP)
Being an integral part of the EU’s comprehensive approach towards crisis management drawing on civilian and military assets, the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) enables the EU to take a leading role in peace-keeping operations, conflict prevention and in the strengthening of the international security.
The Lisbon Treaty of 2009 gave CSDP its foundations and its global strategy was further developed in 2016 by creation of comprehensive package of measures in the areas of security and defence set on three major pillars: new political goals and ambitions in taking more responsibility for EU’s own security and defence; European Defence Action Plan (EDAP) with new financial tools helping both Member States’ and EU’s defence industry; and set of concrete actions as follow up to the EU-NATO Joint Declaration which identified areas of cooperation.
During the debate our task will be to tackle the ongoing implementation of three mentioned pillars, discuss further means of boosting security of the EU and its citizens, confront the problems of harmonisation and implementation while baring in mind the differences between the Member States in the matter, and try to define the CSDP’s future agenda inspired by the challenges that are expected in the next decade.
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland*
For countries marked with (*) previous experience is required