Topic A: UN peacekeeping operations: Reform of the UN peacekeeping
As one of Security Council’s main mechanisms of implementation and protection, UN Peacekeeping is an essential and integral instrument of the UN in support of peace and security.
However, as the world and international relations rapidly grow more complex, subsequently the demand for solutions in the form of PKO increases. The results, however, seem unable to qualitatively catch up with the undenying flow of increasing demand with slow, unresponsive service delivery, inadequate resourcing, lack of transparency and accountability being merely some of the problems this institution faces. Mandate implementation is hindered by micro-management of governing bodies, resulting in a obvious trust deficit with Member States.
The need for reform is clear now more than ever and thus a more coherent and effective approach to the presented issues, in the opinion of the Secretary General Antonio Guterres, will result in an overall reduction of fragmentation for better delivery, whilst sustaining peace and promoting the Agenda 2030.
Topic B: Israeli – Palestinian conflict
The Israeli-Palestine conflict is one of most well known conflicts in the world, yet also one of the most delicate global issues, as the interpretation of facts and history concerning the conflict is so shrouded in misinformation, myths, prejudices, violence and polarisation, that it is difficult to cut through it all. However, one of the greatest myths concerning the conflict is that it has been going on for centuries and is all about religion. Beginnings of the conflict go back early 20th century, with several milestones — such as the Israeli-Arab War of 1947, the Six-Day War, two Intifadas, several attempts for peace process — and all this violent history makes this conflict immensely complex, multi-layered, and extremely fragile.
The status of Jerusalem is just the top of an iceberg of the topics underpinning the conflict. There are questions about land and settlements, water resources, security, violence, Palestinian refugees, and a plethora of other considerations.
In this interconnected web of issues and grievances therefore each and every unilateral – or international – course of action resonates strongly, and presents a possibility to destabilise the situation even further.
- Central African Republic (observer)
- Cote d’Ivoire
- Equatorial Guinea
- India (observer)*
- Israel (observer)*
- Palestine (observer)*
- Russian Federation*
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland*
- United States of America*
For countries marked with (*) previous experience is required